The Pop Art movement in the US – New York, The emerging movement
In the mid-1950s, the artists working in New York City faced a critical juncture in modern art. By following the Abstract Expressionists or rebel against the strict formalism advocated by many schools of modernism.
In this time, Jasper Johns was already troubling conventions with abstract paintings that included references to: “things the mind already knows” – targets, flags, handprints, letters, and numbers. Meanwhile, Robert Rauschenberg’s “combines” incorporated found objects and images, with more traditional materials like oil paint. Similarly, Allan Kaprow’s “Happenings” and the Fluxus movements chose to incorporate aspects from the surrounding world into their art.
New movement; the Neo-Data
These artists, along with others, later became grouped in the movement known as Neo-Dada. The now classic New York Pop art of Roy Lichtenstein, Claes Oldenburg, James Rosenquist, and Andy Warhol emerged in 1960 in the footsteps of the Neo-Dadaists.