POP ART MOVEMENT IN GREAT BRITAIN
The beginnings of Pop Art movement in Great Britain: the independent group
The independent group was a gathering of artists that reunited regularly in 1952 to speak about topics as mass culture, fine art, science, technology. Indeed, the most well-known members were Eduardo Paolozzi, Richard Hamilton, Alison and Peter Smithson, Lawrence Alloway and Reyner Banham.
By the time, in the early 1950’s, Britain was still emerging from the post era of the World War II. All British critics were delighted about the American culture. As the independent Group did not follow the commercial character, they love the pop culture that was forming around and in somehow it seemed to be the path for the future. In the movement is include the science fiction, comic books, Western movies, billboards, rock music and even automobile designs.
The origin of the term Pop Art
The term “Pop Art” seems to have several possible origins. Firstly, it can come from the first use in writing. It came from the Alison and Peter Smithson and Lawrence Alloway. Also, there is the possibility that the first to write it was Richard Hamilton, who wrote Pop in a letter. Although Eduardo Paollozzi produced the first artwork (a collage “I was a Rich mans Playing (1947) that incorporate the word “pop”. This artwork contained some pieces of images of a pinup girl, some company logos (as coca-cola) or noncompany (cherry pie, World War II bomber) combine with others as a man holding a gun from which the word POP was fired inside a white cloud.